Oliver 88 Row-Crop

The Oliver 88 Row-Crop tractor, produced between 1947 and 1954, was a staple on farms during its time. Known for its durability and reliability, it was a common sight in agricultural fields, performing a wide range of tasks. This workhorse of the mid-20th century played a crucial role in helping farmers increase their productivity and meet the demands of post-war agriculture. Today, it holds a special place in the history of farming machinery and is often cherished by collectors for its historical significance and enduring appeal.

Oliver 88 Row-Crop
Years Produced1947 – 1954
TypeRow-Crop tractor
ManufacturerOliver
Original Price (1954)$3,000
Variants
88Row-Crop
88Standard (Fixed-tread)
Power
Plows3
Drawbar (Tested)38.47 hp (28.7 kW)
Belt (Tested)43.53 hp (32.5 kW)
Mechanical
DriveTwo-wheel drive
SteeringManual
Operator StationOpen
6-cylinder, liquid-cooled vertical I-head
Displacement231 ci (3.8 L)
Bore/Stroke3.50×4.00 inches (89 x 102 mm)
Air CleanerOil bath
Compression6.75:1
Rated RPM1600
Firing Order1-5-3-6-2-4
Coolant Capacity18 qts (17.0 L)
Displacement230.9 ci (3.8 L)
Bore/Stroke3.50×4.00 inches (89 x 102 mm)
Air CleanerOil bath
Compression15.0:1
Rated RPM1600
Firing Order1-5-3-6-2-4
Starter Volts12
Transmission
TypeGear
Gears6 forward and 2 reverse
ClutchDry disc
Power Take-off (PTO)
Rear PTOIndependent
Rear RPM540
Dimensions & Tires
Wheelbase93.75 inches (238 cm)
Length141.875 inches (360 cm)
Width68 inches (172 cm)
Height69 inches (175 cm)
Operating Weight5000 lbs (2268 kg)
Ballasted Weight8484 lbs (3848 kg)
Front Tread8.5/12.1 inches (21/30 cm)
Rear Tread47 to 91 inches (119 to 231 cm)
Tractor Tests
NTTL 388Gasoline 6-speed 2WD
NTTL 450Diesel 6-speed 2WD
Nebraska Tractor Test 388 (Gasoline)
Belt Power (Max)41.99 hp (31.3 kW)
Belt Fuel Use (Max)3.7 gal/hour (14.0 l/hour)
Drawbar Performance (Max Power)36.97 hp (27.6 kW)
Max Pull5,173 lbs (2346 kg)
Nebraska Tractor Test 450 (Diesel)
Belt Power (Max)43.53 hp (32.5 kW)
Belt Fuel Use (Max)2.9 gal/hour (11.0 l/hour)
Drawbar Performance (Max Power)38.47 hp (28.7 kW)
Max Pull5,869 lbs (2662 kg)
Oliver 88 Row-Crop Overview

The Oliver 88 Row-Crop tractor, which was originally produced between 1947 and 1954, holds a unique place in the history of agricultural machinery. In today’s context, it is considered a vintage or historical model, and collectors often seek it out for its nostalgic value and historical significance.
During its production years, the Oliver 88 was at the forefront of tractor technology for its time. It was known for its reliability and versatility on the farm. The availability of both gasoline and diesel engine options reflected the transition in the industry from gasoline-powered to diesel-powered tractors. This versatility allowed farmers to choose the engine type that best suited their needs.

With a 6-cylinder engine and a range of gears in its transmission, the Oliver 88 offered ample power and flexibility for various agricultural tasks, including plowing and pulling. Its manual steering and open operator station were standard features of the era, providing the operator with a direct connection to the machine and the land.

Today, collectors are drawn to the Oliver 88 Row-Crop for its historical charm and the opportunity to preserve a piece of agricultural history. Restored models can be found at tractor shows and in private collections, where they serve as a reminder of a bygone era in farming technology. While it may not match the capabilities of modern tractors, the Oliver 88’s enduring appeal lies in its role as a symbol of the agricultural heritage and the innovations that shaped the industry.

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