Oliver 1650

The Oliver 1650, part of the 50 Series, was a versatile row-crop tractor produced by Oliver between 1964 and 1969 at their manufacturing facility in Charles City, Iowa, USA. This tractor was a notable addition to the Oliver lineup, known for its reliability and adaptability in various agricultural applications. It featured several transmission options, including unsynchronized, two-speed power shift, and partial power shift, providing flexibility for different tasks. The availability of multiple engine variants, including diesel and gasoline options, allowed farmers to choose the one that suited their needs best. With optional features such as power steering and a cab, it aimed to provide comfort and ease of operation. Over the years, the Oliver 1650 earned a reputation for its power and performance in the field, making it a valuable workhorse for farmers during its production era.

Oliver 1650 Specs
Production Period1964 – 1969
Series50 Series
TypeRow-Crop Tractor
FactoryCharles City, Iowa, USA
Original Price (1969)$7,100
PTO (claimed)66 hp (49.2 kW)
Drawbar (tested)58.67 hp (43.8 kW)
PTO (tested)66.72 hp (49.8 kW)
Engine Waukesha-Oliver 4.6L 6-cyl Diesel
Displacement283 cubic inches (4.6 L)
Bore/Stroke3.875×4.00 inches (98 x 102 mm)
Compression Ratio16.0:1
Rated RPM2200
Starter Volts12
Oil Capacity6.7 quarts (6.3 L)
Coolant Capacity20 quarts (18.9 L)
Engine Waukesha-Oliver 4.3L 6-cyl Gasoline
Displacement265 cubic inches (4.3 L)
Bore/Stroke3.75×4.00 inches (95 x 102 mm)
Air CleanerDry
Compression Ratio8.5:1
Rated RPM2200
Firing Order1-5-3-6-2-4
Starter Volts12
Oil Capacity6.7 quarts (6.3 L)
Transmissions Variants
12-speedtwo-speed power shift
18-speedpartial power shift
Transmission (Unsynchronized)
TypeHelical Gear
Gears6 forward and 2 reverse
Clutch304.8mm Dry Disc
Transmission (Hydra-Power – Two-Speed Power Shift)
TypeTwo-Speed Power Shift
Gears12 forward and 4 reverse
ClutchDry Disc
Transmission (Hydraul-Shift – Partial Power Shift)
TypePartial Power Shift
Gears18 forward and 6 reverse
NoteIntroduced in late 1967, the Hydraul-Shift transmission provided an on-the-move shift to underdrive and overdrive.
Fuel Tank Capacity
Gasoline23 gallons (87.1 L)
Diesel23 gallons (87.1 L)
LP-Gas28 gallons (106.0 L)
Chassis4×2 2WD
SteeringPower Assist
BrakesDifferential Disc
CabCab Optional
Tractor Hitch
Rear TypeII/I
Power Take-off (PTO)
Rear PTOIndependent
Rear RPM540, 1000, 540/1000
Serial Numbers
LocationInstrument panel support
Ag Front6.50-16
Ag Rear15.5-38
Ag Front (Row-Crop)6.00-16, 7.50-16, 9.00-10, 13.6/12-24 (4WD)
Ag Rear12.4/11-38, 13.6/12-38, 14.9/13-38, 18.4/15-34, 23.1/18-26, 16.9/14-34, 9.5/9-42
Wheelbase99.25 inches (252 cm) (row-crop)
Length154.5 inches (392 cm) (row-crop)
Width81.5 inches (207 cm)
Height (Steering Wheel)80 inches (203 cm)
Operating Weight7,815 lbs (3544 kg)
Ballasted Weight11,035 lbs (5005 kg)
Front Tread (Utility)60 to 84 inches (152 to 213 cm)
Front Tread (Wheatland)60 inches (152 cm)
Front Tread (4WD)66/70.3 inches (167/178 cm)
Rear Tread56.5 to 89.5 inches (143 to 227 cm)
Nebraska Tractor Test 873 (Diesel 12-speed 2WD)
PTO PerformanceMax Power 66.3 hp, Fuel Use 5.0 gal/hour
Drawbar PerformanceMax Power 56.51 hp, Fuel Use 4.8 gal/hour, Max Pull 8,136 lbs
Nebraska Tractor Test 874 (Gasoline 12-speed 2WD)
PTO PerformanceMax Power 66.7 hp, Fuel Use 5.7 gal/hour
Drawbar PerformanceMax Power 58.67 hp, Fuel Use 5.8 gal/hour, Max Pull 8,117 lbs
Oliver 1610 Loader
Height (to Pin)106.5 inches (270 cm)
Clearance (Dumped Bucket)75.5 inches (191 cm)
Dump Reach39 inches (99 cm)
Dump Angle69°
Reach at Ground54 inches (137 cm)
Breakout Force (Lift)3200 lbs (1451 kg)
Lift to Full Height (at Pin)2000 lbs (907 kg)
Bucket Width48 inches (121 cm), 68 inches (172 cm)
Oliver 1650 overview

The Oliver 1650, a classic tractor model produced between 1964 and 1969, is indeed a prized collector’s item with significant historical value in the world of agricultural machinery. As a tractor expert, let me elaborate on what makes this tractor special and unique compared to other tractors, focusing on its historical significance:

Historical Significance

The Oliver 1650 occupies a special place in the history of agricultural mechanization. It represents the transition period in the mid-20th century when tractors were evolving from simple, utilitarian machines to more versatile and comfortable workhorses. During this era, many manufacturers were striving to offer improved features and options to meet the changing needs of farmers. The Oliver 1650 exemplifies this period of innovation and adaptation.

Distinctive Features:

Transmission Variety: What sets the Oliver 1650 apart is its array of transmission options. While many tractors of its time had limited choices, the Oliver 1650 offered unsynchronized, two-speed power shift, and partial power shift transmissions. This variety allowed it to cater to a broad spectrum of farming tasks, making it adaptable to various agricultural operations.

Engine Versatility: The availability of both diesel and gasoline engines, produced in partnership with Waukesha-Oliver, is another defining feature. This flexibility in engine selection was relatively rare in the tractor industry during that era, and it allowed farmers to choose the power source that best suited their specific requirements and preferences.

Operator Comfort: The optional power steering and cab added a level of comfort that was not standard in many tractors of its time. These amenities reduced operator fatigue during long hours in the field and set the Oliver 1650 apart as a forward-thinking model concerned with the well-being of those who operated it.

Historical Context:

To fully appreciate the historical value of the Oliver 1650, it’s essential to consider the period in which it was produced. The 1960s marked a transformative time in agriculture, with tractors becoming more integral to farming operations. The Oliver 1650 was emblematic of the agricultural industry’s shift towards modernization and efficiency, reflecting the changing needs of American farmers during that era.

Collector’s Item:

Today, the Oliver 1650 is a sought-after collector’s item among enthusiasts and historians of agricultural machinery. Its historical significance, combined with its distinctive features, make it a desirable addition to vintage tractor collections. Restored Oliver 1650 tractors serve as a tangible link to a pivotal period in farming history, offering a glimpse into the evolution of agricultural technology.

In conclusion, the Oliver 1650 is not just a tractor; it’s a piece of history that represents a pivotal era in American agriculture. Its unique transmission options, engine versatility, and operator comfort features, coupled with the context of its production, make it a collector’s gem with enduring historical value.