Massey Ferguson 255

The Massey Ferguson 255 is a versatile and robust tractor that was produced from 1975 to 1981 as part of the 200 Series by Massey Ferguson. This row-crop tractor was built in Detroit, Michigan, USA, and was offered in multiple versions, including standard, row-crop, and low-profile variants. Known for its reliability and power, the Massey Ferguson 255 was equipped with various engine options, including diesel and gasoline models. It featured a strong and durable build, making it suitable for a wide range of agricultural tasks. The tractor’s design allowed for flexibility in terms of tire options, making it adaptable to different farming needs. With a reputation for dependability and performance, the Massey Ferguson 255 remains a popular choice among farmers and enthusiasts alike.

Massey Ferguson 255 Specs
Production(1975 – 1981)
ManufacturerMassey Ferguson
TypeRow-Crop tractor
Original price$8,100 in 1981
Engine Options
Perkins3.9L 4-cylinder diesel
Perkins3.3L 4-cylinder diesel
Perkins3.5L 4-cylinder gasoline
Engine Details (Perkins 3.9L Diesel)
Displacement236 cubic inches (3.9 liters)
Bore/Stroke3.875×5.00 inches (98 x 127 mm)
Rated RPM2000
Starter volts12
Air cleanerPaper and felt
Coolant capacity11 quarts (10.4 liters)
Engine Details Perkins AD4.203
Displacement203 cubic inches (3.3 liters)
Bore/Stroke3.60×5.00 inches (91 x 127 mm)
Compression Ratio18.5:1
Rated RPM2000
Starter Voltage12 volts
Oil Capacity8.5 quarts (8.0 liters)
Coolant Capacity11 quarts (10.4 liters)
Engine Details Perkins AG4.212
Displacement212 cubic inches (3.5 liters)
Bore/Stroke3.875×4.50 inches (98 x 114 mm)
Compression Ratio7:1
Rated RPM2000
Starter Voltage12 volts
Oil Capacity6 quarts (5.7 liters)
Coolant Capacity11 quarts (10.4 liters)
Transmission Options
Option8-speed gear
Option12-speed partial power shift (Multi-Power)
Front Tires (Ag)6.00-16, 6.50-16, 7.5L-15
Rear Tires (Ag)16.9-24, 16.9-26, 16.9-28, 16.9-30, 18.4-26
Front Tires (Row-Crop)5.50-16
Rear Tires (Row-Crop)14.9-38, 15.5-38, 13.6-38
Wheelbase82 inches (208 cm)
Height (Hood)57.6 inches (low-profile), 63.1 inches (standard)
Ground Clearance10.4 inches (low-profile), 16 inches (standard), 19.6 inches (row-crop)
Front Tread48 to 72 inches (121 to 182 cm)
Rear Tread56 to 90 inches (142 to 228 cm)
Gas Shipping5600 lbs (2540 kg)
Diesel Shipping5850 lbs (2653 kg)
Gas Operating6140 lbs (2785 kg)
Diesel Operating6415 lbs (2909 kg)
Ballasted7310 lbs (3315 kg)
Drawbar (claimed)42 hp (31.3 kW)
PTO (claimed)50 hp (37.3 kW)
Drawbar (tested)43.49 hp (32.4 kW)
PTO (tested)52.68 hp (39.3 kW)
Fuel18.5 gallons (70.0 liters)
Hydraulic system8 gallons (30.3 liters)
Capacity8 gallons (30.3 liters)
Pressure2300 psi (158.6 bar)
Pump flow10 gpm (37.9 lpm) / 4.5 gpm (3-point) (17.0 lpm)
Total flow19.5 gpm (73.8 lpm)
Steering flow5 gpm (18.9 lpm)
Tractor Hitch
Rear TypeII/I
Rear lift3800 lbs (1723 kg)
Power Take-off (PTO)
Rear PTOLive (two-stage clutch)
Rear PTO Type540 (1.375)
Engine RPM540@1683
Serial Numbers
LocationBelow instrument panel
Charging systemAlternator
Charging amps37
Battery volts12
Battery AH95
Loader Attachment (236 Loader)
Var2500 lbs lift (full at pin)
Var3250 lbs breakout
Var144 inches height (at pin)

The Massey Ferguson 255 is a remarkable tractor known for its enduring legacy in the agricultural industry. What sets it apart from other tractors is a combination of robust performance, versatility, and reliability.

Massey Ferguson 255 Advantages:

Powerful Engine Options: The 255 comes with different engine options, including the Perkins 3.9L diesel and the Perkins AG4.212 gasoline engine. These engines provide a range of power and fuel options, catering to the specific needs of farmers.

Versatile Transmission: The tractor offers two transmission choices: an 8-speed gear or a 12-speed partial power shift. This versatility allows operators to select the transmission that best suits their tasks, from heavy-duty fieldwork to precise maneuvers.

Solid Build: Known for its sturdiness, the Massey Ferguson 255 boasts a robust chassis and durable components, making it capable of handling demanding farm tasks day in and day out.

Hydraulic System: The hydraulic system has a decent capacity, providing ample power for various implements and attachments, further enhancing the tractor’s versatility.

Comfortable Operator Station: The tractor’s design includes a comfortable and ergonomic operator station, ensuring that long working hours don’t result in operator fatigue.

Multiple Tire Options: The availability of different tire configurations, including those suitable for row-crop farming, allows the 255 to adapt to various farming practices.

Massey Ferguson 255 Disadvantages:

Age and Maintenance: Given that the Massey Ferguson 255 is now considered a classic tractor, finding parts and experienced mechanics for maintenance can be challenging, especially in regions where it’s less common.

Fuel Efficiency: While the tractor offers power, its older engine designs may not be as fuel-efficient as modern counterparts.

Massey Ferguson 255 Common Problems:

Wear and Tear: Due to its age, common problems include wear and tear on engine components, hydraulic system leaks, and electrical issues. Regular maintenance is crucial to keep it running smoothly.

Starting Issues: Older tractors like the 255 may face starting problems, often attributed to issues with the starter, glow plugs (for diesel engines), or the electrical system.

Comparison with Similar Models:

When compared to other tractors of its era, such as the Massey Ferguson 245 or 265, the 255 stands out for its slightly higher power output and versatility in terms of available engine options and transmissions. It also gained popularity for its suitability in row-crop farming due to its various tire configurations.

In conclusion, the Massey Ferguson 255 is celebrated for its enduring performance and adaptability, making it a valuable asset on farms around the world. While it may have some downsides related to age and fuel efficiency, its reputation as a reliable workhorse remains intact, appealing to collectors and farmers who appreciate its historical significance and enduring capabilities.