John Deere X590

The John Deere X590, a staple in garden tractor excellence, epitomizes reliability and versatility. With its powerful Kawasaki engine, hydrostatic transmission, and ergonomic design, it effortlessly navigates diverse terrains. From mowing with Accel Deep decks to snow clearing with a 2-stage snowblower, its adaptability shines. Engineered for comfort and efficiency, it’s a trusted ally for both residential and commercial landscaping endeavors, embodying the renowned John Deere commitment to quality and performance.

John Deere X590 Production
TypeGarden tractor
BuiltHoricon, Wisconsin, USA
Original Price (2017 with 54-inch deck)$7,899
DriveTwo-wheel drive
Differential LockMechanical rear
Power SteeringYes
BrakesWet disc brakes
Operator StationOpen (Canopy and weather cab optional)
Engine Specifications
Engine ModelKawasaki FS730V EFI
Engine Type4-stroke, OHV, V-twin 90°
Displacement726 cm³ (44.3 cu-in)
Max. Horsepower24.1 PS (17.7 KW; 23.7 HP) at 3,600 rpm
Max. Torque (crank PTO)53.4 Nm (39.4 ft-lb) at 2,400 rpm
Bore78 mm (3.07 in)
Stroke76 mm (2.99 in)
Fuel SystemSequential multiport fuel injection
Cooling SystemAir-cooling
Ignition SystemElectronic controlled ignition timing system
Lubricating SystemFull pressure with spin-on oil filter
Starting SystemElectric starter
Fuel UsedUnleaded gasoline (octane number 86 or higher)
Maximum Speed3500 ± 100 rpm
Idle Speed1500 ± 100 rpm
Cylinder Compression4.5 kg/cm² (64 psi) at 500 rpm
Recommended OilSAE 10W-40, 10W-30
Oil Capacity (with filter changed)2.1 litres
Spark PlugNGK BPR4ES
Spark Plug Gap0.7-0.8 mm (0.027-0.031 in)
Ignition Coil Air Gap0.2-0.4 mm (0.008-0.011 in)
Spark Plug Tightening Torque22 Nm (16.2 ft-lb)
Fuel System
Fuel System TypeSequential multiport fuel injection
Fuel FilterReplaceable paper element
Fuel PumpPulse and electric
Fuel DeliveryElectronic Fuel Injection
Fuel UsedUnleaded gasoline (octane number 86 or higher)
Fuel Capacity16.7 L (4.4 gal)
Transmission TypeBelt-driven hydrostatic
Transaxle ModelKanzaki Tuff Torq K72A
Transaxle TypeVariable Speed Hydrostatic
Reduction Ratio23.37:1
Axle Torque (rated)549 Nm
Max. Tire Size24 inches
Brake Capacity@ 33.1 N, 656 Nm
Pump/Motor Displacement18/23 cc/min-1
Max. Input Speed3,400 min-1
Axle Shaft Size25.4 mm
Max. Static Weight on Axle459 kg
Weight (Dry)27.5 kg
BrakeWet disk, internal
Housing (Case)Aluminum Die Casting
DifferentialAutomotive Type Bevel Gears
Differential LockOption
Speed Control SystemFoot Control / Hand Control
Auxiliary Hydraulic OutputOption (For Power Steering, Lift, and Others) 6.9L/min, 31bars (450psi) @ 2,000rpm
Bypass ValveStandard
Oil ReservoirExternal Reservoir
Travel Forward Speeds0-11.6 km/h (0-7.2 mph)
Travel Reverse Speeds0-8.4 km/h (0-5.2 mph)
Chassis4×2 2WD
Differential LockMechanical rear
Mid PTOIndependent
SteeringPower Steering
BrakesWet disc
Tire Sizes
Front Tires16×6.50-8 (Turf)
Rear Tires24×12.00-12 (HDAP), 24×12.00-12 (Turf)
Front Tires Pressure97 kPa (0.97 bar) (14 psi)
Rear Tires Pressure69 kPa (0.69 bar) (10 psi)
Height1.22 m (48 in)
Overall Width (without mower deck)1.04 m (41 in)
Length2.01 m (79 in)
Wheelbase1.3 m (51.2 in)
Operating Weight (without mower deck)296 kg (654 lb)
47-Inch 2-Stage Snowblower Attachment
Snowblower Type2-Stage
Width119.4 cm (47-inches)
Height of Opening58.4 cm (23-inches)
Housing Thickness14 ga (0.075-inches)
Side Panel Thickness7 ga (0.177-inches)
Auger Diameter16 inches (40.6 cm)
Auger Speed160 rpm at rated engine speed
Impeller Speed800 rpm at rated engine speed
Impeller Diameter40.6 cm (16 inches)
Lift SystemHydraulic
Lift Height19.1-20.3 cm (7-1/2-8 inches)
Chute ControlHydraulic
Chute Rotation200 Degrees
Weight (Approximate)181 kg (400 lb)
48 Inch Mower Attachment
ModelAccel Deep 48 Mower Deck
Lift SystemHydraulic
Cutting Width1220 mm (48 inches)
Blade Bolt Torque68 Nm (50 lb·ft)
Cutting Height (approximately)25-102 mm (1-4 inches)
Deck Weights65 kg (143 lb)
54 Inch Mower Attachment
ModelAccel Deep 54 Mower Deck
Lift SystemManual
Cutting Width1370 mm (54 inches)
Blade Bolt Torque68 Nm (50 lb·ft)
Cutting Height (approximately)25-102 mm (1-4 inches)
Deck Weights68 kg (151 lb)
John Deere X590 Overview

The John Deere X590, a member of the Select X500 Series, stands as a stalwart in the realm of garden tractors, offering a blend of power, precision, and durability suitable for a range of outdoor tasks. Manufactured by John Deere, renowned for its commitment to quality and innovation, the X590 is meticulously crafted in Horicon, Wisconsin, USA, embodying the essence of American engineering excellence. With its robust construction and versatile features, this garden tractor was originally priced at $7,899 in 2017, delivering exceptional value for its performance capabilities.
At the heart of the X590 lies a Kawasaki FS730V EFI engine, a testament to reliability and performance. This 4-stroke, OHV, V-twin powerplant boasts a displacement of 726 cm³, generating a maximum horsepower of 24.1 PS at 3,600 rpm and a peak torque of 53.4 Nm at 2,400 rpm. Equipped with sequential multiport fuel injection and an electronic controlled ignition timing system, this engine ensures efficient fuel delivery and precise ignition timing for optimal performance in various operating conditions. The full-pressure lubricating system with a spin-on oil filter enhances engine longevity by providing consistent oil flow and effective filtration.

Mated to the robust engine is a belt-driven hydrostatic transmission, featuring a Kanzaki Tuff Torq K72A transaxle. This variable speed hydrostatic transmission offers seamless speed control and smooth acceleration, allowing for effortless maneuverability across diverse terrain. With a reduction ratio of 23.37:1 and adjustable travel speeds ranging from 0 to 11.6 km/h in forward and 0 to 8.4 km/h in reverse, the X590 delivers agile performance tailored to the operator’s preferences and requirements. Additionally, the differential lock option ensures enhanced traction and stability, enabling confident operation in challenging conditions.

The X590’s ergonomic design prioritizes operator comfort and convenience, featuring power steering for effortless maneuvering and wet disc brakes for reliable stopping power. The open operator station provides ample room and visibility, with optional accessories such as a canopy and weather cab available for enhanced protection against the elements. Whether tackling mowing tasks with the Accel Deep mower decks, clearing snow with the 2-stage snowblower attachment, or performing other yard maintenance activities, the X590 offers versatility and efficiency to meet the demands of any landscaping project.

With its sturdy chassis, mechanical differential lock, and independent mid PTO, the X590 exemplifies durability and versatility, capable of handling a wide range of tasks with ease. The inclusion of hydraulic lift systems for attachments and intuitive controls further enhances operational efficiency, allowing for seamless transitions between tasks. Whether used for residential lawn care or commercial landscaping projects, the John Deere X590 embodies the essence of reliability, performance, and durability, earning its place as a trusted companion for outdoor enthusiasts and professionals alike.

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