John Deere 650

The John Deere 650 compact utility tractor, manufactured from 1981 to 1988 in Japan, is a versatile and reliable workhorse known for its durability and adaptability. This compact tractor is appreciated for its ability to handle a wide range of agricultural tasks efficiently. It is compatible with various attachments, including a mid-mount mower deck, snowblower, blade, loaders, and even a backhoe, making it a valuable asset on the farm. With its iconic John Deere green and yellow color scheme, it embodies the brand’s tradition of quality and performance. The John Deere 650 is a popular choice among farmers and collectors, reflecting its historical significance and lasting appeal.

General Information:
Productionfrom 1981 to 1988
ManufacturerJohn Deere (Distributor)
Manufacturer of EngineYanmar
Series50 Compact Series
TypeCompact Utility Tractor
Production LocationJapan
Original Price (1983, 2WD)$6,030
Original Price (1989, 2WD)$8,400
Original Price (1989, 4WD)$9,300
Engine (Gross)17 horsepower (12.7 kW)
Engine Detail
Engine TypeYanmar 2T80
Fuel TypeDiesel
Number of Cylinders2
CoolingLiquid-cooled inline
Displacement52.1 cubic inches (0.9 liters)
Bore/Stroke3.15 x 3.35 inches (80 x 85 mm)
Air CleanerDry
Compression Ratio22.5:1
Rated RPM2600
Starter Voltage12 volts
Oil Capacity2.5 quarts (2.4 liters)
Coolant Capacity4.0 quarts (3.8 liters)
Intake Valve Clearance0.008 inches (0.203 mm)
Exhaust Valve Clearance0.008 inches (0.203 mm)
Number of Gears8 forward and 2 reverse
Clutch200mm dry disc
Oil Capacity14 quarts (13.2 liters)
Mechanical Details
DriveTwo- or four-wheel drive
Differential LockMechanical rear
SteeringManual (Power steering optional)
BrakesDifferential mechanical dry, internal expanding shoe brakes
Roll-Over Protection Structure (ROPS)Two-post fixed ROPS.
Fuel Tank Capacity6.2 gallons (23.5 liters)
Hydraulic System Capacity3.75 gallons (14.2 liters)
TypeOpen center
Hydraulic Pressure2030 psi (140.0 bar)
Valves2 (Optional)
Tractor Hitch
Rear Hitch TypeCategory I
ControlPosition control
Power Take-off (PTO)
Rear PTO TypeTransmission
Clutch200mm over-running dry disc
Rear PTO Speed540 RPM (1.375)
Engine RPM for PTO540 at 2350 RPM
Front PTO (Optional)Electro-magnetic clutch
Standard Tires (Ag):
Front5.00-12 (2WD), 6-12 (4WD)
Wheelbase56.1 inches (142 cm)
Length107.5 inches (273 cm)
Width43.2 inches (109 cm)
2WD Clearance (Front Axle)13.5 inches (34 cm)
4WD Clearance (Front Axle)10.4 inches (26 cm)
2WD Front Tread33 inches (83 cm)
4WD Front Tread34 inches (86 cm)
Rear Tread32/35 inches (81/88 cm)
2WD Shipping Weight1530 pounds (694 kg)
4WD Shipping Weight1640 pounds (743 kg)
Max Drawbar Capacity550 pounds (249 kg)
2WD Hood Height43.1 inches (109 cm)
4WD Hood Height44.7 inches (113 cm)
ROPS Height73.4 inches (186 cm)
Exhaust Height75.2 inches (191 cm)
Attachment Overview
Option60″ Mid-Mount Mower Deck
OptionJohn Deere 67 Loader
OptionJohn Deere 60 Loader
NoteAdvertised attachments included the model 448 tiller and a 54-inch rotary mower.
60″ Mower Deck
TypeMid-mount John Deere 160
Cutting Width60 inches (152 cm)
Weight310 lbs (140 kg)
Overall Width72.5 inches (184 cm)
54″ Blade
TypeFront-mount John Deere 365
Width54 inches (137 cm)
Lift9.25 inches (23 cm)
Cut Depth2.5 inches (6 cm)
Weight470 lbs (213 kg)
59″ Snow Blower
TypeJohn Deere 359
Width59 inches (149 cm)
Clear Height23 inches (58 cm)
Weight525 lbs (238 kg)
67 Loader
Lift Capacity (Full at Pin)400 lbs (181 kg)
Breakout (At Pin)830 lbs (376 kg)
Dump Angle53°
Reach (Dumped)21.5 inches (54 cm)
Reach (Ground)53.25 inches (135 cm)
Rollback (Ground Line)19°
Height (At Pin)82.5 inches (209 cm)
Clearance (Dumped)62.5 inches (158 cm)
Weight575 lbs (260 kg)
Bucket Width Options48 inches (121 cm), 54 inches (137 cm), 60 inches (152 cm)
60 Loader
Lift Capacity (Full at Pin)600 lbs (272 kg)
Breakout900 lbs (408 kg)
Breakout (Bucket)1495 lbs (678 kg)
Dump Angle45°
Reach (Dumped)25.8 inches (65 cm)
Reach (Ground)49.5 inches (125 cm)
Rollback (Ground Line)22°
Height (At Pin)69.5 inches (176 cm)
Clearance (Dumped)54 inches (137 cm)
Clearance (Level)65.8 inches (167 cm)
Bucket Width Options48 inches (121 cm), 54 inches (137 cm), 60 inches (152 cm)
John Deere 7 Backhoe
Backhoe TypeJohn Deere 7 Backhoe
Weight650 lbs (294 kg)
Transport Height69 inches (175 cm)
Digging Depth90 inches (228 cm)
Reach from Pivot114 inches (289 cm)
Loading Height70 inches (177 cm)
Bucket Rotation180°
Swing Arc180°

What makes the John Deere 650 compact utility tractor special and unique among other tractors is its combination of reliability, versatility, and historical significance:

Compact Versatility: The John Deere 650’s compact design allows it to navigate tight spaces and work efficiently in smaller fields or gardens, making it suitable for a wide range of tasks on both small and medium-sized farms.
Attachment Compatibility: Its compatibility with various attachments, including a mid-mount mower deck, snowblower, blade, loaders, and backhoe, sets it apart. This adaptability makes it a versatile workhorse capable of handling different farm and landscaping jobs.
Yanmar Built: The collaboration with Yanmar, a renowned manufacturer, contributes to the tractor’s reputation for durability and reliability. Yanmar’s expertise in diesel engines enhances the 650’s performance.
Historical Significance: Produced during the 1980s, the John Deere 650 represents an era of agricultural innovation and transformation. As a vintage tractor, it holds historical value and serves as a reminder of the advancements in compact utility tractors during that period
Iconic Branding: Adorned in the classic John Deere green and yellow colors, the 650 bears the iconic John Deere branding, signifying quality and trust in American farming equipment.
Collectible Status: Due to its historical significance and unique features, the John Deere 650 has become a sought-after collectible among tractor enthusiasts, adding to its special status in the farming community.
Summarizing, John Deere 650 stands out for its compact versatility, attachment compatibility, collaboration with Yanmar, historical significance, iconic branding, and collectible status, making it a unique and valuable addition to the world of tractors.

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