John Deere 2650

The John Deere 2650, produced between 1987 and 1994, was a robust utility tractor known for its versatility and dependability. Hailing from the reputable John Deere brand, it was a trusted workhorse on farms during its time. This tractor featured a four-cylinder, turbocharged diesel engine that provided ample power for a range of agricultural tasks. Its compact yet sturdy design made it suitable for both small and medium-sized farms, and its ease of use and reliability earned it a place in the hearts of many farmers. With options for 2WD and 4WD configurations, it could adapt to different terrains. Its hydraulic systems and PTO capabilities added to its functionality, making it a valuable asset for a variety of farm operations. The John Deere 2650 remains a symbol of a simpler era in farming, where durability and performance were key.

John Deere 2650 specs
ManufacturerJohn Deere
Production1987 – 1994
TypeUtility tractor
FactoryMannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Engine Specifications
Engine ModelJohn Deere 4239-TL
Engine TypeFour-cylinder, direct injection turbocharged diesel
Number of Cylinders4
Displacement239.0 cubic inches (3.9 liters)
Engine Bore4.20 inches (106.0 mm)
Engine Stroke4.32 inches (110.0 mm)
AspirationTurbocharged
Rated Engine Power78.0 horsepower (58.2 kW) at 2300 rpm
Maximum Torque207 Newton-meters (154 lb-ft) at 1300 rpm
Compression Ratio16.8:1
Fuel SystemDirect injection
Fuel Tank Capacity22.2 gallons (84.0 liters)
Oil Capacity9.0 quarts (8.5 liters)
Coolant Capacity15.9 quarts (15.0 liters)
Electrical System Rating12 volts
Charging SystemAlternator (55 amps)
Power Take-Off (PTO)
PTO Horsepower63.0 horsepower (47.5 kW)
PTO ClutchHydraulic wet disc
Rear PTO Operational TypeIndependent
Front PTO Operational TypeIndependent
Rear PTO Speed540/1000 rpm
Front PTO Speed1000 rpm
Rear PTO/Engine Speed540/2070 rpm, 1000/2172 rpm
Front PTO/Engine Speed1000/2172 rpm
Transmission
Transmission TypeHi-Lo
Gearbox Type16F/8R, 2-Speed powershift
Number of Forward Gears16
Number of Reverse Gears8
Clutch TypeHydraulic
Clutch Disc TypeCerametallic
Maximum Speed (Forward)17.1 mph (27.6 kph)
Maximum Speed (Reverse)7.5 mph (12.0 kph)
Service BrakeWet disc
Wheels and Tires
Drive Wheels2WD/4WD
Steering ConfigurationFront steer
Steering SystemPower Steering
Front Tire Size (2WD)7.5×18
Rear Tire Size (2WD)13.6R38
Front Tire Size (4WD)11.2×28
Rear Tire Size (4WD)13.6R38
Front Track Width (2WD)59.1-79.1 inches (1350-2000 mm)
Front Track Width (4WD)53.5-79.1 inches (1500-2000 mm)
Rear Track Width59.1-78.7 inches (1500-1990 mm)
Hydraulics and Hitch
Hydraulic System TypeClosed center constant pressure
Implement Pump Flow11.6 gallons per minute (44.0 liters per minute)
Hydraulic Pressure190 Bar (2755 psi)
Rear Hitch Category2
Front Hitch Category2
Draft Sensing or Lift ControlPosition and draft control
Standard Rear Lift Capacity4135 lbs (1875 kg)
Standard Front Lift Capacity1740 lbs (790 kg)
Dimensions and Weight
Wheelbase (2WD)89.2 inches (2260 mm)
Wheelbase (4WD)90 inches (2280 mm)
Length165.1 inches (4190 mm)
Height (Cab)104.8 inches (2660 mm)
Overall Width80.8 inches (2050 mm)
Ground Clearance (2WD)25.8 inches (650 mm)
Ground Clearance (4WD)19.5 inches (490 mm)
Weight (2WD)7695 lbs (3490 kg)
Weight (4WD)8380 lbs (3800 kg)
John Deere 2650 overview
Specifications:

The John Deere 2650, manufactured from 1987 to 1994 in Mannheim, Germany, is a versatile utility tractor designed to handle a wide range of agricultural tasks. It is equipped with a John Deere 4239-TL four-cylinder, turbocharged diesel engine that delivers 78 horsepower at 2300 rpm. This engine provides the necessary power for various farming operations. The tractor features a 2WD/4WD drivetrain, a 16-speed Hi-Lo transmission with a 2-speed powershift, and both rear and front independent Power Take-Offs (PTOs). It offers hydraulic wet disc clutches for smooth engagement and disengagement.

Advantages:

Versatility: The John Deere 2650 is well-regarded for its versatility. Its range of PTO speeds and hydraulic capabilities makes it adaptable to a variety of implements and tasks, from plowing and planting to mowing and harvesting.
Reliability: John Deere is known for building durable and reliable tractors, and the 2650 is no exception. It is built to withstand the rigors of daily farm work and has a reputation for longevity.
Compact Design: Its compact design and front steer configuration make it maneuverable in tight spaces and suitable for smaller farms.
Power Steering: The tractor features power steering, enhancing operator comfort and ease of use.
2WD/4WD Options: The availability of both 2WD and 4WD configurations allows farmers to choose the model that best suits their specific needs and terrain.

Disadvantages:

Age and Availability: As a tractor produced in the late 1980s and early 1990s, finding replacement parts and service support may become challenging due to its age.
Limited Horsepower: While the 78 horsepower is suitable for many tasks, it may be underpowered for some larger-scale agricultural operations, especially in comparison to more modern tractors.
Fuel Efficiency: Older tractors like the 2650 may have lower fuel efficiency compared to newer models, which could result in higher operating costs over time.

Common Problems:

Hydraulic Leaks: Over time, hydraulic systems may develop leaks that require maintenance and repair.
Electrical Issues: As with any older tractor, electrical problems can arise, necessitating troubleshooting and repairs.
Wear and Tear: Components such as clutch discs, tires, and bearings may require replacement due to normal wear and tear.

Other Features:

The tractor offers a comfortable cab for the operator’s convenience.
It has multiple PTO speed options, allowing compatibility with various implements.
The closed center hydraulic system provides consistent pressure for hydraulic functions.
The tractor’s ground clearance and compact size make it suitable for diverse farming conditions.
In summary, the John Deere 2650 utility tractor, though produced a few decades ago, remains a reliable and adaptable workhorse for many farming operations. Its versatility, compact design, and durability have earned it a place in agricultural history. However, prospective buyers should consider the potential challenges associated with its age and availability of parts and services.

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