International Harvester 454

Production and Assembly: The International 454 was a globally designed tractor manufactured by International Harvester from 1970 to 1973. Production locations included Doncaster, England, for the European market. Skid units were supplied from Doncaster, with final assembly carried out in Louisville, Kentucky, for the U.S. market. Gasoline models had U.S.-built engines installed during the final assembly.

International Harvester 454 Utility Tractor Specifications
Production Years1970 – 1973
TypeUtility Tractor
Production LocationDoncaster, England
Original Price (1973)$4,640
DriveTwo-wheel drive
SteeringPower steering
BrakesIndependent hydraulic wet disc brakes
Operator StationOpen operator station
Gasoline Engine (C-157)
Displacement157 cubic inches (2.6 L)
Configuration4 cylinders, liquid-cooled
Bore/Stroke3.375×4.39 inches (86 x 112 mm)
Power50 hp (37.3 kW)
Air CleanerDry
Rated RPM2200
Starter Volts12
Oil Capacity7 qts (6.6 L)
Coolant Capacity11.5 qts (10.9 L)
Diesel Engine (D-179)
Displacement179 cubic inches (2.9 L)
Configuration3 cylinders, liquid-cooled
Bore/Stroke3.875×5.0625 inches (98 x 129 mm)
Air CleanerDry
Rated RPM2200
Starter Volts12
Oil Capacity8 qts (7.6 L)
Coolant Capacity12.5 qts (11.8 L)
TypeSliding gear
Gears8 forward and 4 reverse
Oil Capacity36 qts (34.1 L)
Synchronized GearsFours synchronized gears in each of high, low, and reverse ranges.
SpeedsWith 16.6-28 rear tires.
Ag Front6.00-16, 6.50-16
Ag Rear13.6-28, 14.9-28
Wheelbase75 inches (190 cm)
Length131.9 inches (335 cm), 133 inches (with 3-point, 337 cm)
Width66 inches (min, 167 cm)
Height (Steering Wheel)55 inches (139 cm)
Ground Clearance10 inches (25 cm)
4720 lbs (diesel, 2140 kg)
Ballasted Weight7470 lbs (3388 kg)
International Harvester 1550 Loader
Lift Capacity2305 lbs (full at pin, 1045 kg)
Breakout Force2750 lbs (1247 kg)
Height (at Pin)118 inches (299 cm)
Clearance (Dumped)85 inches (228 cm)
Bucket Width40 inches (101 cm)
International Harvester 1850 Loader
Lift Capacity2300 lbs (full at pin, 1043 kg)
Breakout Force2800 lbs (1270 kg)
Height (at Pin)113 inches (287 cm)
Clearance (Dumped)92 inches (233 cm)
Weight925 lbs (419 kg)
Bucket Width50 inches (127 cm), 60 inches (152 cm)
International 2050 Loader
Lift Capacity3000 lbs (full at pin, 1360 kg)
Breakout Force4100 lbs (1859 kg)
Reach (Dumped)24 inches (60 cm)
Rollback (Ground Line)30°
Height (at Pin)125 inches (317 cm)
Clearance (Dumped)102 inches (259 cm)
Weight1200 lbs (544 kg)
Bucket Width49 inches (124 cm), 61 inches (154 cm), 70 inches (177 cm), 79 inches (200 cm)
International Harvester 454: Model History and Design Features

Model Replacement: The 454 served as a successor to the International Harvester 444 utility tractor.

Design Updates: Styled to match the new “66” series of large tractors, the International 454 featured design elements that reflected the latest design trends of its time. Notable updates included a longer wheelbase compared to the 444, providing improved stability and performance.

Transmission Innovation: Introduced a new “Lightning-Flash” in-line shift 4-speed syncromesh transmission, offering improved shifting capabilities and efficiency. The high-low-reverse shuttle added versatility to the transmission, enhancing the tractor’s usability in various applications.

Engine Variants and Performance: Gasoline Engine: The 454 featured a new International C-157 4-cylinder gasoline engine governed at a higher 2200 rpm. Power Take-Off (PTO) horsepower increased from 38 to 41, emphasizing improved performance.

Diesel Engine: Replacing the previous BD-154 4-cylinder diesel engine was the International D-179 3-cylinder, built in International’s Neuss, Germany factory.

PTO horsepower for the diesel model increased from 37 (444 diesel) to 40 for the 454 diesel, indicating enhanced power and efficiency.

Continued Innovation: The incorporation of advanced features, such as the new transmission and upgraded engines, showcased International Harvester’s commitment to innovation and staying competitive in the utility tractor market.

Styling: Aligned with the design aesthetics of the “66” series of large tractors, the 454 likely featured modern and visually appealing styling.

Legacy: The International 454 holds historical significance as a product of global design and assembly, representing a pivotal era in the evolution of utility tractors. The International Harvester 454, with its blend of design innovation, improved transmission, and upgraded engine options, stands as a testament to International Harvester’s dedication to advancing tractor technology during the early 1970s.