Farmall H

The Farmall H, a classic row-crop tractor produced by Farmall, a division of International Harvester, is an iconic piece of American agricultural history. Manufactured from 1939 to 1953 in Rock Island, Illinois, the Farmall H earned a reputation for its reliability and versatility on the farm. With a distinctive design, it came in various versions, including high-crop, standard tread, industrial, and orchard models, catering to a wide range of agricultural needs. Over its production span, it became a staple on many farms, offering power, durability, and functionality. The Farmall H holds a special place in the hearts of farming enthusiasts, symbolizing an era when these tractors were at the forefront of American agriculture.

Farmall H General Specifications
ManufacturerFarmall (a part of International Harvester)
TypeRow-Crop tractor
Production LocationBuilt in Rock Island, Illinois, USA
Total Built391,227
Original Price (1953)$2,000
VariantsH (row-crop), HV (high-crop), W-4 (standard tread), I-4 (industrial), O-4 (orchard)
Engine Detail (Gasoline)
ModelInternational Harvester C-152
Type4-cylinder, liquid-cooled
Displacement152.1 ci (2.5 L)
Bore/Stroke3.375×4.25 inches (86 x 108 mm)
Compression Ratio5.9:1
Rated RPM1650
StarterHand-crank (electric optional)
Starter Volts6
Oil Capacity6 qts (5.7 L)
Coolant Capacity16.5 qts (15.6 L)
Engine Detail (Distillate)
Type4-cylinder, liquid-cooled vertical I-head
Displacement152.1 ci (2.5 L)
Bore/Stroke3.375×4.25 inches (86 x 108 mm)
Compression Ratio4.75:1
Oil Capacity6 qts (5.7 L)
Coolant Capacity16.5 qts (15.6 L)
Engine Detail (Kerosene)
Displacement152.1 ci (2.5 L)
Bore/Stroke3.375×4.25 inches (86 x 108 mm)
Compression Ratio4.5:1
Oil Capacity6 qts (5.7 L)
Coolant Capacity16.5 qts (15.6 L)
Transmission
TypeSliding gear
Gears5 forward and 1 reverse
ClutchDry disc
Oil Capacity24 qts (22.7 L)
Farmall H Power
Drawbar (Claimed)19 hp (14.2 kW)
Belt (Claimed)24 hp (17.9 kW)
Drawbar (Tested)24.17 hp (18.0 kW)
Belt (Tested)26.20 hp (19.5 kW)
Mechanical
DriveTwo-wheel drive
SteeringManual
BrakesMechanical contracting band brakes
Operator StationOpen
Capacity
Fuel17.5 gal (66.2 L)
Aux. Fuel0.875 gal (3.3 L)
Hydraulic System1 gal (3.8 L)
Hydraulics
Capacity1 gal (3.8 L)
Tractor Hitch
TypeLift-All *
Rear RPM540 *
Farmall H Tires
Ag Front5.50-16, 6-16
Ag Rear51×6 (steel), 6.00-36, 8-38, 9-38, 10-38
Ag Front (HV)6×20
Dimensions
Wheelbase88.325 inches (224 cm)
Length125.25 inches (318 cm)
Width75.5 inches (191 cm), 100 inches (long-axle, 254 cm)
Height (Steering Wheel)74 inches (187 cm)
Weight3875 lbs (1757 kg)
Front Tread8.1 inches (20 cm)
Rear Tread44 to 80 inches (111 to 203 cm)
30 Loader
Breakout5000 lbs (2268 kg) or 1500 lbs (680 kg)
Height (at Pin)96 inches (243 cm)
Boom Cylinder3.0 inches (7 cm)
Weight1270 lbs (576 kg)
Bucket Width43.5 inches (110 cm)
Farmall H Overview

The Farmall H tractor is a true collector’s gem, boasting significant historical value in the world of vintage agricultural machinery. As a tractor expert, I can attest to its special and unique qualities that set it apart from other tractors of its time and provide a fascinating glimpse into the evolution of farming equipment.

What makes the Farmall H special is its iconic role in revolutionizing agriculture during the mid-20th century. Manufactured by Farmall, a division of International Harvester, this row-crop tractor was in production from 1939 to 1953. Its significance lies in its contribution to the shift from traditional animal-powered farming to modern mechanization. The Farmall H was a game-changer, representing a compact, versatile, and efficient machine that allowed farmers to increase productivity and reduce reliance on horses.

One of the defining features of the Farmall H is its distinctive appearance. Painted in the trademark Farmall red, this tractor is instantly recognizable with its rounded fenders and a compact yet powerful design. It was specifically designed for row-crop farming, which was common in the United States during that era. This specialization made it ideal for navigating between rows of crops, performing a wide range of tasks, including plowing, planting, cultivating, and harvesting.

The Farmall H was a workhorse, delivering approximately 19 horsepower from its 4-cylinder gasoline engine. While this might seem modest by today’s standards, it was more than sufficient for the tasks it was intended for during its heyday. Its simplicity and durability were also standout qualities, making it a reliable companion for farmers.

When compared to other tractors of its time, such as the Ford 9N or the John Deere Model A, the Farmall H distinguished itself with its versatility and affordability. It was a tractor that could handle various farm chores with ease, and its competitive pricing made it accessible to a wide range of farmers.

Important to acknowledge some of the Farmall H’s limitations, which are typical of vintage tractors. It lacked modern amenities and operator comfort features, reflecting the standards of its era. The hand-crank starter, while a common method at the time, could be challenging, especially in adverse weather conditions.

In summary, the Farmall H tractor holds a treasured place in agricultural history due to its unique design, adaptability, and its pivotal role in the shift to mechanized farming. Collectors and enthusiasts value it not only for its functionality but also for the nostalgia it evokes—a piece of equipment that represents a transformative period in farming practices. Owning a Farmall H is like owning a tangible piece of agricultural heritage, a testament to the resilience and innovation of farmers and the machines that powered their dreams.

Farmall H

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